Bone loss, increased risk of fractures later in life. In women, absence of period. Gastrointestinal problems, such as constipation, bloating, or nausea. The structural cardiac hallmark of this disease is myocardial atrophy, characterized by a reduction in the mass index and volume of the left ventricle, which commonly results in mitral valve prolapse.
Myocardial atrophy, the structural hallmark of this disease, is characterized by a reduction in the mass index of the left ventricle and a concomitant decrease in left ventricular volume. Mitral valve prolapse is common in AN. Although its mechanism has not been fully clarified, it is believed to be a consequence of myocardial atrophy and reduction in the size of the left ventricular chamber, leading to relative valve laxity even in the absence of myxomatous valve degeneration. This theory of “valvular-ventricular disproportion” suggests that excess mitral valve tissue or improper size of the left ventricular cavity causes prolapse.
This theory is supported by the observation that prolapse disappears in patients after weight regain, but reappears when patients lose weight again. 9 In a cohort study10, the authors observed mitral valve prolapse in most of their patients with severe AN, but found no significant correlation between ventricular dimension and prolapse. In contrast, a low heart rate was significantly correlated with mitral valve prolapse. Therefore, the cause of prolapse is probably multifactorial and may also be mediated by an increase in underlying vagal tone and the resulting bradycardia.
Pericardial effusion can develop with progressive weight loss, but usually subsides with restoration of weight and simultaneous normalization of serum triiodothyronine (T) levels, 11. Anorexia, like other eating disorders, can take control of your life and can be very difficult to overcome. But with treatment, you can get a better idea of who you are, return to healthier eating habits, and reverse some of the serious complications of anorexia. In its most severe form, it can be fatal. Death can occur suddenly, even when a person does not have a much lower weight than normal.
This may be due to abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias) or an imbalance of electrolytes, minerals such as sodium, potassium and calcium, which maintain fluid balance in the body. According to the National Association for Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders, Nearly 1% of American Women Will Suffer from Anorexia Throughout Their Lifetime. Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by severe eating restriction that causes dangerous weight loss. The serious medical consequences of prolonged hunger and malnutrition make anorexia nervosa the deadliest psychiatric disorder.
People with anorexia limit the amount of food they eat because of a crippling fear of gaining weight or gaining weight. Exercise electrocardiography extinguishes persistent binding rhythm in a patient with severe anorexia nervosa. Genetic FactorsStudies have shown that there may be a 50-80% heritability factor contributing to anorexia nervosa. Antidiuretic hormone levels may also be low in anorexia nervosa, which can rarely lead to central diabetes insipidus manifested by pernatremia.
Anorexia nervosa and bulimia are intrinsically associated with many different medical complications. People with anorexia place great value on controlling their weight and shape, making extreme efforts that tend to significantly interfere with their lives. Anorexia nervosa has the highest mortality rate of all mental health disorders, so professional treatment is necessary before a complication arises. In a later article, definitive medical treatment for these complications will be presented in a clinically practical manner.
This review analyzes these complications, many of which are resolved with effective nutritional therapy and weight gain. Definitions of bone density loss among young premenopausal women and men have not been officially defined, however, bone density measurement is still very useful in patients with anorexia nervosa. In fact, anorexia nervosa has the highest mortality rate of any psychiatric disorder, probably due to these medical complications. Patients with anorexia nervosa reproducibly present a characteristic “hypothalamic amenorrhea syndrome” with a variable reduction in pulsatile signaling of the hypothalamic GnRH gonadostat to the pituitary gland, resulting in ovulation failure.
The second part of this series will be devoted to the medical complications associated with bulimia nervosa, and the third article will discuss currently available treatments for the medical complications of anorexia nervosa and bulimia. . .